Normal wash (for woven fabric, soaking is not advised), hand-wash for T-shirts is recommended, hot iron, store dry to prevent mildew.
Properties: Water absorbent, comfortable. Good static resistance. Wrinkle and discolors easily, swells in water resulting in shrinkage. Poor mildew resistance. Has good strength when dry and even stronger when wet. High resistance to tear and rubbing.
Cotton is a natural fiber; therefore, hot water washing will make it shrink more. Cotton creases very easily, so high iron temperature needed to straighten the fabric. If garment has color, must be washed separately the first time.
Normal Wash, do not soak. Hot iron, store dry to prevent mildew. Must always be hand washed. Never tumble dry or wash at very hot temperatures.
Properties: Absorbent, comfortable. Good static resistance, wrinkles easily, Swell in water resulting in shrinkage. Better dry strength than cotton and even stronger when wet. Resistant to dirt.
Linen is a very strong fabric material and can be washed without any special care. But as linen is a plant fiber, it tends to shrink when it is wet. It usually shrinks in the length of the garment.
Polyester to be washed in warm water and iron with no steam at low iron temperature. Sensitive to heat.
Properties: Less absorbent, good sunlight resistance. Tends to hold oil stains tenaciously. Keeps color. Very few wrinkles.
Polyester is a man-made fiber. It can be easily laundered by washing machines. Cold iron is used because hot iron will damage the fabric, causing the particular burnt area to become hard or shiny.
Dry clean, Very low iron temperature. Avoid contact with nail polish remover. Silky smooth material, keeps color.
Properties: Weak fibers, low abrasion resistance, heat-sensitive, moderate absorbency, good resistance to milder.
Acetate is weaker when wet, so dry clean will not damage the fiber. High temperature will destroy the fiber. Nail polish remover has components that will affect the fabric. Do not tumble dry.
Normal washing, need not iron as it loses stretch when heated, turns yellowish in chlorine bleach.
Properties: Comparable to rubber in properties, most complex and expensive of all synthetic fibers, originally developed by Dupont under the name Lycra, used in both woven and knits in amount 3-50%.
Spandex is usually mixed or blended with other fiber components to create a more comfortable feel and nicer look for the merchandise.
Wash at very hot temperature. Do not tumble dry. Delicate fabric. Keeps color.
Properties: Resistant, light and smooth. Keeps colour.
Silk must not be steam ironed. If ironed, used low heat temperature. Avoid from rubbing and sweat.
6 SIMPLE STEPS TO A PERFECT WASH
1.Wash garments separately
Separate soiled garments and sort light colours from darker/coloured garments.
2. Read the garment’s care tags carefully
To check the garment’s maximum washing temperature and wash type (hand wash, machine wash or dry clean).
3. Select the appropriate wash cycle and temperature
The temperature, wash cycle and spin will vary according to the garment’s composition. Natural fabrics such as wool, linen and silk will shrink if washed at high temperatures and will lose shape if spun or hung vertically. Artificial and synthetic fabrics are very sensitive to heat, and therefore must be washed in warm water and ironed inside out at a low temperature. Jeans must be washed inside out and never at more than 40 Degrees Celsius. Hand Wash – Colours may bleed during the first few washes, therefore garments should be washed separately. Use cold water and do not leave to soak. Allow soap or detergent to totally dissolve before adding the garment.
- DOs & DONT’s
- Do not rub garment, instead squeeze gently. Rinse thoroughly. Machine Wash – Do not let clothing get too dirty before washing. Always have clothes dried and aired before washing. Empty pockets, unfasten buttons and lift collars before washing. Do not overload washer. Do not wash at maximum temperature indicated.
4. Add the correct amount of detergent.
Adding too much detergent damages clothes and if the detergent does not dissolve completely, garments may become stained. Do not overload the washing machine: overloading may prevent the clothes from being properly washed.
Use neutral detergent for delicate fabrics. Whiteners are preferable to chlorine bleach, which wears down the garments fibers. Never try to remove stubborn stains on your own, take the garment to a professional cleaner.
5. Dry the clothes.
Spin drying and direct exposure to sunlight or heavy winds during drying tends to make clothes lumpy. If drying indoors, make sure the area is well ventilated. After machine washing, it is a good idea to dry clothes immediately, as leaving the laundry in the washing machine for an extended period may cause unpleasant odours and humidity in garments.
6. Iron the clothes.
Start ironing at the lowest temperature. Iron the clothes slightly damp or inside out in the case of dark colours. Remove any particles sticking to the iron with a wet cloth.